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Present perfect tense: Good examples and important uses

Present perfect tense

present perfect tense

Present perfect tense examples

Here are some present perfect examples:
  • He has worked here for 4 years.
  • I have cut my hair.
  • Have you eaten your lunch?
  • We have eaten our lunch.
  • She hasn’t done her homework yet.

The present perfect form

  • Affirmative form: Subject + have/has + past participle
  • Negative form: Subject + have/has + not + past participle
  • Interrogative form: Have/has + subject + past participle

The present perfect simple uses

Use 1: Present perfect simple is used for a completed action where the result is visible in the present.

→ I have done my homework.

→ He has washed the car.

Use 2: The present perfect tense is used for a completed action at a time in the past that is not mentioned.

→ I have already read that novel.

Use 3: We use present perfect tense when the time is recent.

→ We have just eaten lunch.

Use 4: Present perfect simple is used for experiences people have had in their lives.

→ I have been to Australia twice.

→ I have never eaten Chinese food.

→ I have never visited that museum.

→ have you ever been to Egypt?

Use 5: Present perfect simple is used to talk about the duration of an action that started in the past and continues to the present.

→ The headmaster has worked in this school for 12 years.

→ He has worked in this school since 2008.

Use 6: Present perfect simple is used with ‘today’, ‘this morning’/’afternoon’, etc. when these periods of time are not finished at the time of speaking.

→ I have received 25 emails this morning. (It is still morning, so this period of time is not over yet. I may receive more emails.)

 

Tip:

We often use Present Perfect Simple with these expressions: for, since, just, already, yet, ever, never, recently, so far, it’s the first time.

  • We have a meeting after 5 minutes, but the manager has not arrived yet.
  • Have you taken the second test yet?
  • They have just arrived.
  • Have you ever eaten Japanese food?
  • This is the best film I have ever watched.
  • My friend has recently bought a new car.
  • I have replied to 15 emails so far.
  • It’s the first time I have visited this beautiful town.

Present perfect progressive (present perfect continuous)

 

Present perfect tense exercises

Exercise 1: Make sentences using the words below. 

1. She/never/travel/ abroad.

……………………………………

2. The plane/just/arrive.

………………………………………

3. You/ever/meet/anyone/famous?

………………………………………

4. He /not finish/ his homework/yet.

…………………………………………

5. You/ make / a cake/ ever?

………………………………………

6. He /live/in that house/ for 20 years.

…………………………………….

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