Internet vocabulary: 60+ internet terms with definitions
Internet Vocabulary: Phrasal verbs
- Plug sth in: Connect sth to the socket (= outlet)
- Switch sth on / off: Turn sth on/off by pressing a button or switch.
- Log in / on: to perform the actions that allow you to begin using a computer system.
- Log off / out: to perform the actions that allow you to finish using a computer system
- Click on: to carry out a computer operation by pressing a button on the mouse or keyboard.
- Type in: write sth using a computer
- Scroll up/down: move text on a computer up or down so that you can read different parts of it.
- Print out: to produce a document or information from a computer in printed form.
- Go down = crash: stop working suddenly
Internet vocabulary in examples
- Plug the computer in.
- Switch the computer on.
- Log on using your password.
- Click on the Internet symbol (Internet browser).
- If you want to open the program, just click on the icon.
- Type in the website address/ Type in the keyword in the search box.
- Scroll down/up the page.
- Print out the information you want.
- Log off, shut down the computer and switch it off.
- As soon as I opened the attachment, my computer went down.
Other Internet terminology (Internet vocabulary)
Below is another list of internet vocabulary. This list of Internet terminology is not exhaustive. It will be updated now and then.
- Intranet: a computer network that is private to a company, university, etc. but is connected to and uses the same software as the Internet.
- LAN: Local Area Network = a system for connecting the computers of people who work in the same company.
- Wireless LAN (= hotspot ): A wireless LAN has the same structure as a wired LAN that uses cables. The difference is that instead of connecting with cables, computers use radio waves to communicate with a hotspot.
- Switch: the electronic device that forms the “center” of a LAN.
- Port: The socket on a switch to which a cable can attach.
- WAN: Wide Area Network as opposed to LAN.
- Email (electronic mail): a way of sending messages and data to other people by means of computers connected together in a network.
- Attachment: a document that you send someone using email.
- Router: a device that sends data to the appropriate parts of a computer network.
- Password: a series of numbers or letters that you must type into a computer or computer system in order to be able to use it.
- The World Wide Web (referred to as WWW or the web) is a service on the internet. It consists of a set of linked documents called webpages which can be viewed using a program called a browser.
- Internet: the global telecommunication network
- Digital (adjective): using a system in which information is shown in the form of numbers. A computer is digital because inside a computer, all information is represented by numbers.
- Digital communication: communication provided by the Internet.
- Browser: a program that lets you look at or read documents on the Internet such as Google Chrome, Opera, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Safari, etc.
- Domain name: it indicates the network domain in which the webpage is stored e.g. englishdotcom.net
- Domain extension: “.net” in www.englishdotcom.net is a domain extension.
- .net: Network
- .com : Commercial business
- .org: Organizations
- .edu: Educational institution
- .gov: Government agencies
- .mil: Military
- URL: (Uniform Resource Locator) the web address of a webpage e.g. https://englishdotcom.net/study-skills-in-college/. The URL consists of a number of separate parts divided by forward slashes (/).
- HTTP:// is referred to as the protocol prefix and indicates that the hypertext transfer protocol should be used to transfer the webpage across the Internet.
- Keyword: the word that users type in the search box of a search engine.
- Search engines: people use them to search for websites and information on the Internet. For example, Google, Bing, AOL.com, yandex.ru, Baidu, to name but a few.
- SEO= Search Engine Optimization (internet vocabulary)
- Web pages: documents that are connected to the World Wide Web and that anyone with an Internet connection can see. A web site can have several web pages.
- Download: to move data to a smaller computer system from a larger one.
- Upload: move data to a larger computer system from a smaller one.
- FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions about a website, a company, an organization, etc.
- Phishing: A term used by security experts to describe email messages that attempt to lure victims into sending money or revealing their personal information that normally should be kept confidential (e.g., credit card numbers and expiration dates, ATM PINs, and bank account numbers).
- Virus: instructions that are hidden within a computer program and are designed to cause faults or destroy data.
- IT: stands for Information Technology.The study and use of electronic processes and equipment to store and send information of all kinds, including words, pictures, and numbers.
- Over/on the Internet: using the Internet. ⇒ I buy all my books over/on the Internet.
- Surf the Net/Internet: use the internet. ⇒ He spends too much time surfing the Internet.
- WiFi: Wireless Fidelity = a system for connecting electronic equipment like computers, smartphones, etc. and electronic organizers to the Internet without using wires.
- Social media / social networking websites: websites where people share their interests such as Facebook, Whatsapp, Reddit, etc.
- App (= Application ): a mobile app / a program or a software application designed to do a particular job.
- IP address = Internet Protocol address: a number which is given to each computer when it is connected to the Internet.
- Mail list (mailing list): a list of addresses and names kept by a company/organization so that it can send advertisements and information to the people on the list.
Since you use the internet on a daily basis, you should not miss out on this internet vocabulary as well as the computer related words below to enrich your vocabulary.
Here is a computer terms list with definitions
- Programming: the process of writing and testing programs for computers.
- Programming language = computer language: a set of rules, words, etc. that are used for writing computer programs.
- Software program: a set of rules or instructions or procedures
- Computer program: a set of instructions that makes a computer do a particular thing.
- Spyware: computer software that obtains information about a user’s computer without the user’s consent or knowledge.
- PDA: Personal Digital Assistance = a small computer that you can carry with you.
- CPU: Central Processing Unit
- Cursor: a line on a computer screen that moves to show the point where work is being done:
- CD: Compact disc ( a small disc on which information or sound is recorded)
- CD burner: a piece of equipment for copying sound or information onto a CD.
- CD-ROM: Compact disc read-only memory ( a CD on which a large amount of information, pictures, and sound can be stored, for use on a computer.
- CD–RW: Compact disc re-writable (an empty compact disc that you can use to record information on and read information from, using a special type of drive.
- RAM: Random Access Memory (a memory that allows access to any particular piece of information at almost any time. Data in this memory can be changed or removed and can be looked at any order ).
- Virtual memory: space that can be used on the hard drive of a computer to store information temporarily so that there is more memory available when it is needed by software such as a computer game.
- IP Address: a series of numbers separated by dots that identifies a particular computer connected to the Internet.
- Modem: a device that transfers digital data over a carrier wave, either on a wire or wireless network.
- GB: Gigabyte
- Byte: A unit of information stored in a computer. A Byte consists of 8 bits.
- Gigaflop: a unit for measuring a computer’s speed, equal to approximately one billion operations per second.
- VDU / VDT: Visual Display Unit / Video Display Terminal ( a machine with a screen like a television that displays information from a computer)
- USB drive / USB stick /flash drive = memory stick
- User ID: The username /user name by which a person is normally identified to a computer system or network.
Here is a list of words and collocations relating to “English for banking and finance”
Learn English online with Englishdotcom.