How Are Prefixes and Suffixes Alike?

How are prefixes and suffixes alike? What is the similarity and difference between prefix and suffix?

Both prefixes and suffixes are a type of affix and both of them can change a word’s meaning.

An affix is a letter or group of lettres that can be added to the beginning or end of a word to change its meaning. The prefix im- in the word impossible and the suffix -less in the word effortless are affixes.

How Are Prefixes and Suffixes Alike?

Both are a type of affix and both can change a word’s meaning.

A prefix and suffix are both an affix

10 Examples of Prefixes

Prefixes are letters that can be added to the beginning of a word to form a new word. A prefix can change the word’s meaning.

The table below shows prefixes with meaning and prefixes examples.

PrefixesMeaningPrefixes examples
un-not/ the opposite ofunlucky, unhappy, unfortunately, unimportant, unpaid, unable, unanswered, etc.
re-do again rewrite, redo, reread, rearrange, reapply, readmit, etc.
mis-wrongly or badlymisunderstand, misuse, mishear, misinterpret, misbehave, misinform, etc.
out-more than/ greater/better, etc.outweigh, outnumber, outwit, outgrow, outlive, etc.
under-not enough/ too littleunderdeveloped, underpaid, undercooked, underripe, etc.
over-excessively/too muchoverpopulated, oversleep, overcooked, overdo, etc.
pre-earlier/ beforepreplan, preheat, pre-war, pre-book, pre-cut, pre-exist, etc.
post-afterpost-war, post-graduate, post-date, post-natal, post-production, etc.
en-cause to be/ make/ put intoenlarge, enrich, encircle, endanger, encase, etc.
il-, in-, im-, ir-not/opposite of illegal, illiterate, inexperienced, impolite, irrelevant, irregular, etc.

What Are the 10 Examples of Suffix?

Suffixes are letters added to the end of a word to make a new word. Suffixes change the word’s meaning.

Suffixes can also change the parts of speech.

Suffix Table

The table below displays suffixes, their meaning and suffixes examples.

SuffixesMeaningsuffixes examples
-fulfull ofhelpful, hopeful, careful, respectful, doubtful, forgetful, harmful, etc.
-lesshaving no/ without/meaningless, helpless, hopeless, homeless, careless, etc.
-able/ -ibleable to / can be done/capable of beingacceptable, presentable, drinkable, edible, flexible, etc.
-ishlike/having the nature ofchildish, snobbish, foolish, boyish, yellowish, owlish, etc.
-nessstate of /quality ofhappiness, rudeness, sadness, carelessness, helplessness, etc.
-ous, -ioushaving the nature or quality ofdelicious, courageous, nutritious, concious, disastrous, humourous, poisonous, hazardous, etc.
-en, -nbecome/makebroaden, lengthen, widen, worsen, etc.
-mentcondition of/action of /state ofdevelopment, treatment, excitment, achievement, improvement, commitment, management, etc.
-al connected withnatural, cultural, universal, environmental, etc.
-ialtypical offinancial, partial, industrial, etc.

How Are Prefixes and Suffixes Alike?

Suffixes Sentences and Prefixes sentences

The sentences below show that both prefixes and suffixes are a type of affix that can change the word’s meaning.

  • It was careless of him to drive so fast in such a busy street.
  • Our teacher is very helpful.
  • The guitar is a musical instrument.
  • To broaden your knowledge, you need to read books.

  • Don’t drink this water. It’s undrinkable.
  • I hope you won’t misunderstand her.
  • The factory had to close down because of financial difficulties.
  • Your piece of writing is full of careless mistakes. You need to rewrite it.

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