A full stop refers to one of the punctuation marks that is commonly used in the English language. It is a mark (.) that we use at the end of a sentence, or to show that the letters before it are an abbreviation. It is also called ‘a period’ in American English. In other words, a period synonym is a full stop.
In this article, we will look at the full stop and comma uses and other punctuation rules.
Use of full stop / When to use a full stop/Functions of a full stop
In writing, a period punctuation is used to separate complete sentences or complete ideas so they do not run into each other. The sentences are usually declarative statements, imperative statements, or indirect questions.
- I love writing about my daily routines. I practice writing every day.
- I would like some orange juice.
- We go to university by car.
- I am an engineer.
- Stop wasting your time.
- Ask questions to get more information.
- I wonder why he made the same mistake again.
- We asked him why he was sad.
Sentences 1-4 are declarative statements. Sentences 5-6 are imperative statements. Sentences 7-8 are indirect questions
The period used in writing some numbers is called a point or a decimal point.
- According to statista.com, 58.3% of the Internet users in 2019 were digital gamers.
- The price of some products increased by 20.7% during the lockdown.
- I got 80.5 out of a hundred (80.5/100) in the last test.
In American English, a period is used after titles such as:
Dr., Mr., Mrs., Ms., etc.
- Mr. Wilson works as a professor.
- Dr. Taylor is very famous.
- Mrs. Harris is visiting us tomorrow.
We use a period after some abbreviations
- etc. = and so on and so forth
- i.e. = in other words
- et al. = and other people
- e.g. = for example
If an abbreviation consists of the first part of a word, then it should end with a full stop:
August → Aug.
Adjective → Adj.
A full stop is used in email addresses and websites
Other punctuation marks
Comma meaning/what is a comma/when is a comma used?
A comma is a mark (,) which we use to separate parts of a sentence or to separate the items in a list. It has other various uses.
Comma usage and comma examples
1. We use commas in a list or in a series consisting of three or more words (series comma)
- I can speak English, Spanish, Portuguese, and a little Korean.
2. We use a comma after the linking words that end a paragraph
- in conclusion, …
- In brief, …
- To sum up, …
- In short, …
- Finally, …
- Lastly, …
- Thus, …
- Indeed, …
- Therefore, …
3. We use a comma after a dependent clause
- If you work harder, you will pass your exams.
- When I have a problem, I usually share it with my parents.
4. We use a comma before but if it introduces an independent clause.
- They studied harder, but they did not pass the Maths exam.
- It was raining hard, but we went to work.