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Before presenting a list of fruits and vegetables, we’ll give you some general but valuable information about fruits and vegetables.
To most of us ‘fruit’ means juicy foods which grow on certain plants and trees. Oranges, apples, and apricots are three examples.
These fruits taste good and are very important in our diet. They can give us vitamins, mineral salts as well as natural sugars. The water, seeds, and skins of fruit help our digestion.
To scientists who study plants, fruits are the ripe seed cases of any flowering plant. The fruits protect the seeds as they develop and help spread them when they are ripe. Some fruits scatter seeds. Other fruits are eaten by birds and animals that spread the seeds.
In many plants, the seeds are enclosed in fleshy fruits. Many fruits are good to eat. As the fruits develop from the flowers, the sepals and petals wither and finally drop off.
In this post, we’ll provide you with a list of fruits and vegetables (fruits and veggies list) as well as the types of fruit and the types of vegetables.
A list of fruits and vegetables names
Below is a fruits and vegetables list.
Fruit list + Exotic fruits list
List of fruits names (Examples of fruits)
Here is a fruits names list:
- Cantaloupes (cantalope)
- Green melon
- Honeydew melons
- Horned melon
- Kiwis (zespri kiwi)
- Passion fruit
- Pink fruit
- Prickly Pear
- Rose Apple
- Yellow watermelon
Types of fruit
Some fruits are usually eaten raw, other varieties can be cooked. Fruits come in a wide variety of colours, shapes and flavours. Here are some common types of fruits that are available:
- Citrus fruit like oranges, grapefruits, lemons, mandarins and limes.
- Stone fruit such as nectarines, apricots, peaches and plums.
- Apples and pears.
- Tropical and exotic fruit such as bananas, mangoes, etc.
- Berries like strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, kiwifruit, passionfruit, etc.
- Melons such as watermelons, honeydew melons, rockmelons…
- Tomatoes and avocados.
Exotic fruits list
A big list of exotic fruits
- Fuyu Persimmon
- Kiwano, AKA African cucumber/horned melon
- Black Sapote
- Buddha’s Hand
- Canistel AKA Tiesa
- Soursop AKA Guanabana
- Gac AKA Baby Jackfruit
- Calamansi Lime
- Monstera Deliciosa
- Noni Fruit
- Pitaya AKA Dragon Fruit
- Poha berry, Physalis, Cape goseberry
- Rollinia Deliciosa AKA Birbia
- Rose Apples
- Custard Apple
- Ugli Fruit
- Prickly Pear
- Wood Apple, Bael, Stone Apple
- Water Apple
- Nipah Seeds
- Kaffir Lime
- Platonia AKA Bacuri
- Pitanga AKA Surinam Cherry
- Star apple
- Miracle Fruit
- Strawberry Tree AKA Arbutus unedo
- Finger Lime
- Natal Plum
- Barrel Cactus
- Pepino Melon
- Pandanus (from the Screw Pine tree)
- Achiote AKA Bixa orellana
- Genips (Spanish Lime)
- Jujube (Chinese Date)
- PawPaw Fruit
A list of vegetables names in English
Vegetables are plants that we can eat. They taste less sweet than fruits. Vegetables such as spinach and lettuce are eaten for their leaves.
Other vegetables are eaten for their stems or roots. Carrots and parsnips are roots. Celery and asparagus are stems. Beans, peas, and sweet corn are seeds.
Peas and beans supply body-building proteins. leafy and root vegetables provide vitamins, minerals, and fibres to help keep our digestion working properly.
Here is a list of vegetables in English:
- fresh herbs, flowers
- Indian vegetables
- Spring onions
Sugar snap peas
- Snow peas
Types of vegetables
There is a variety of vegetables available ou there. They can be classified into biological groups. Here are some examples:
- Root vegetables like potato, sweet potato, carrots and yam.
- Leafy green vegetables: Spinach, lettuce, silverbeet, etc.
- Squashes such as marrow, pumpkin, and zucchini (courgette).
- Cruciferous – cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts and broccoli
- Edible plant stems such as celery, asparagus, spring onions (= green onions), leek, and fennel.
- Allium such as garlic, onion and shallot.
Match the fruit with the right definition:
|Examples of Fruits||Definitions|
|1. Banana||a. A yellow citrus fruit with a lot of sour juice.|
|2. Grape||b. A soft red fruit with very small yellow seeds on the surface.|
|3. Apple||c. A green or yellow fruit that is narrow at the top and wide at the bottom.|
|4. Pear||d. A round fruit with shiny green or red skin and firm white flesh.|
|5. Lemon||e. A small green or purple fruit that grows in bunches on a vine.|
|6. Strawberry||f. A long curved fruit with thick yellow skin and soft flesh.|
This list of fruits and vegetables is not a comprehensive list.
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